Featured Work

Mobile Power: Technology, Authority, and Social Order

My book will explore how mobile phone users negotiate everyday social boundaries, authorities, and rules. It will offer a street-level philosophy of usage on the changing nature of mobile communication and information flows. It will emphasize informal connections and hierarchies, and the role mobile networks play in creating and sustaining these social forms.

Mobile Chat Applications During Political Untrest

Through a combination of observation and interviews with foreign correspondents, this project explores technology’s implications for reporting political unrest: how and why the protesters and official sources used chat apps, and the ways foreign reporters used chat apps (which are typically closed platforms) for newsgathering, internal coordination, and information sharing.

Funded by the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at Columbia University.

Education and Social Media

My Publications

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Belair-Gagnon, V., Lewis, S., and Agur, C (accepted for publication, 2020). "Failure to Launch: Competing Institutional Logics, Intrapreneurship, and the Case of Chatbots," Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.

Agur C and Frisch N (2019). “Digital Disobedience: Social Media Activism in Hong Kong’s 2014 Umbrella Movement,” Social Media + Society, 5(1).

Agur C (2019). “Insularized Connectedness: Mobile Chat Apps and News Production,” Media and Communication, 7(1): 179-188.

Michael G and Agur C (2018). “The Bully Pulpit, Social Media, and Public Opinion: A Big Data Approach,” Journal of Information Technology and Politics,15(3): 262-277.

Agur C (2018). “Re-Imagining the Indian State: External Forces and the Transformation of Telecommunications Policy, 1947-present,” Global Media and Communication, 14(1): 65-83.

Belair-Gagnon, Agur C, and Frisch N (2017). “Mobile Sourcing: A Case Study of Journalistic Norms and Usage of Chat Apps,” Mobile Media & Communication, 6(1): 53-70.

Frisch N, Belair-Gagnon V, and Agur C (2017).“Media Capture with Chinese Characteristics: Changing Patterns in Hong Kong’s News Media System,” Journalism, 19(8): 1165-1181.

Belair-Gagnon, V, Agur, C and Frisch N (2017). “The Changing Physical and Social Environment of Newsgathering: A Case Study of Foreign Correspondents Using Chat Apps during Unrest,” Social Media + Society, 3(1).

Agur C (2015). “Second Order Networks, Gambling, and Corruption on Indian Mobile Phone Networks,” Media, Culture & Society, 32(5): 768-783.

Belair-Gagnon V, Mishra S, and Agur C (2014). “Reconstructing the Indian Public Sphere: Newswork and Social Media in the Delhi Gang Rape Case,” Journalism, 15(8): 1059-1075.

Agur C (2013). “Negotiated Order: The Fourth Amendment, Telephone Surveillance and Social Interactions, 1878-1968,” Information and Culture, 48(4): 419-447. Winner of the 2013 Bernard S. Finn IEEE History Prize from the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT), for the best published article on the history of power, electronics, telecommunications or computer science.

Agur C (2013). “A Foreign Field No Longer: India, the IPL and the Global Business of Cricket,” Journal of Asian and African Studies, 48(5): 541-556.



Belair-Gagnon V, Agur C, and Frisch N (2016). “New Frontiers of Newsgathering: How Foreign Correspondents Use Chat Apps to Cover Political Unrest.” Tow Center for Digital Journalism, Columbia University. PDF.

Agur C, Subramanian R, and Belair-Gagnon V (2015). “Interactions and Policy-making: Civil Society Perspectives on the Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance Process in India.” Internet Policy Observatory, Center for Global Communication Studies, Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania. PDF.

Book Chapters


Agur C and Belair-Gagnon V (2019). Searching for Truth in Fragmented Spaces: Chat Apps and Verification in News Production. In Katz (ed) Social Media and Journalism’s Search for Truth. Oxford University Press. In press. 

Agur C (2016). “ICTs and Education in Developing Countries: The Case Study of India.” In Greenhow, Sonnevend and Agur (eds., 2016), Education and Social Media: Toward a Digital Future. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Agur C (2015). “Betting Across Borders: Mobile Networks and the Future of Gambling.” The Good Life in Asia’s Digital 21st Century. Hong Kong: Digital Asia Hub. Harvard University: Berkman Center for Internet and Society. One of three winners of the 2015 Essay Writing Competition at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School. PDF.


Belair-Gagnon V and Agur C (2015). “#Verdict2014: Social Media and Changing Norms in Indian Mainstream Journalism During the 2014 Lok Sabha Elections.” In Thorsen and Sreedharan (eds.), The Indian Election 2014: First Reflections. Bournemouth, UK: Centre for the Study of Journalism, Culture and Community at Bournemouth University. PDF.